OpenWrt on a TP-Link RE450
Recently a Wifi repeater I setup years a go was reset by accident and I lost the configuration which was providing extended wifi coverage and guest wifi on a TP-Link RE450. Reconfiguring the setup cost me much more time than I am willing to admit, thus I wanted to share the basics in order to be prepared next time. Also I have a backup now.
The TP-Link 450 is a pretty nice and affordable device which has two different wifi bands (5Ghz, 2.4Ghz). You can get it for around 50 Euros and it comes with three antennas and an ethernet port. Also it can run LEDE / OpenWrt, an open source firmware for embedded systems, such as routers and wifi extenders. The history of LEDE and OpenWrt can be read here, in this article I will call the software OpenWrt altough the interface still shows LEDE. In this article I will refer to the RE 450 as router.
Connecting to the router
Since this router will be embedded into an existing computer network, it is essential to give it a unique IP in a unique subnet.
I have decided to assign the IP address
192.168.2.1 and the subnet
255.255.255.0 to the router.
The existing network is a wireless network called Wifi with the subnet
Our plan is to add a guest wifi network
192.168.3.0/24 with its own SSID called Guest and its own password.
Clients from the guest network should not be able to access any other devices within the guest network and also not be able to access any clients from the existing network.
After installing the firmware, the router will have the default address
In order to avvoid a clash with the existing Wifi network, I attached the router with an ethernet cable to the computer and disabled wifi on my computer during the setup.
I then assigned a static IP address
192.168.1.2 for my PC using the same subnet.
And while I am already at it, I created a second ethernet profile using the address
192.168.2.5 to switch to the desired subnet once the router is configured.
Now you can easily switch between the subnets.
Installing the firmware
The first task is to get rid of the proprietary firmware and install OpenWrt. There are many instructions out there, it is important to verify the firmware and device version with great attention. Otherwise you might produce a 50 Euro paperweight of waste weekends (been there.) In case you have an older version installed, please consider updating.
Basic setup of the router
We now have installed OpenWrt on the router and can begin to configure it. You will be greated by the OpenWrt interface and advised to set a password.
We follow the advice and set a good password.
Next we will set a static IP by going to
Network > Interfaces and edit the existing LAN interface.
This is obviously the ethernet connection we are connected to and we want to make sure we always find this device with the static ip
192.168.2.1 in the standard subnet.
Always save and apply thanges. Afther this change you have to switch to the
192.168.2.5 profile we created earlier so that you can access the router again.
Now when we have logged in at
192.168.2.1 with our new password, we should be greeted with the OpenWrt Luci Web interface.
Setup the interfaces and wifi networks
THe first step is to connect to the existing Wifi network, so that we have a working internet connection on the router for downloading updates.
Network > Wireless. You will see the default wireless interfaces called
OpenWrt for both devices (3.4 Ghz and 5Ghz).
Remove them so that you reach a clean state.
Depending if your existing wireless network is on the 5Ghz band or the 2.4 Ghz band, use the appropriate device and click
scan network and select the existing network.
Obviously you need to be in range to see the network.
You will then be promped with a details page where you enter the passphrase for the existing network and where you can select the name of the new network.
This is maybe a bit confusing, because this will create a new interface instead.
Add the name
On the tab firewall settings, add this network to the
This is the crucial step, because the existing wifi will act as the Internet uplink for the guest network.
Make sure to save and apply.
You should then be able t ping any web page using
Network > Diagnostics.
If this works it would be a perfect time to make a backup of the configuration.
Setup the Guest Wifi
The guest wifi also needs a new interface. Thus go to
Network > Interfaces and click add new.
Select static IP address and assign the name
Leave interface unassigned for now.
On the next page, define a static address. This time we will use
192.168.3.1 and the default subnet
Also you should add a public DNS server like
Then click on the firewall tab and create a new zone
Then click on the
DHCP server tab and enable the service.
Review the settings and save the changes.
Every guest will then get an IP address from the
Save and apply.
Then proceed to
Network > Wireless again and create a new wireless guest network.
I used the second antenna device to achieve this.
Click on add and pick Access Point for the mode and give it a name, for instance
Then - and this is very important - go to the
Wireless Security tab and pick WPA2 as the encryption standard and set a password you can share with your guests.
The last step is to enable client isolation in order to prevent that your guests try nasty things on each other. You find the setting at the advanced tab.
Now you should be able to connect to the Guest wifi and get an IP address assigned to your client. Bit it will be pretty boring because there is no internet yet.
Setup the firewall
The last step involves setting up the firewall.
Network > Firewall.
First of all we need to ensure that we have different zones for
wan zones are created by default.
We have created the other two zones
The zone overview should look similar to this.
We can see that the
guestwifi zone can be forwarded to the
Also make sure that masquerading is enabled for the
wan zone (it is per default).
The details of the
guestwifi zone settings are shown below.
Note the default
reject settings for the INPUT and OUTPUT chain and that the only allowed zone to forward traffic to is the
Now we have to setup three traffic rules in order to enable DHCP and DNS for the guests and to prevent them from accessing the other networks and the router web interface.
53 to be used.
Enable DHCP (ports 67 - 68)
Allow the UDP port range 67 to 68 for DHCP requests.
Block other networks
In order to separate the guest wifi from our regular wifi and the router, we block the entire subnets.
OpenWrt works very nice once the setup is clear. Some of the naming conventions are a bit confusing, but I guess this is normal given that it is a complex matter. This tutorial shows how to create a guest network on a device which is itself a client in an existing wifi network.